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Understanding the Different Types of Dental Implants

June 11, 2024 / DENTISTRY
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Dental implants have revolutionized the way we approach tooth replacement. Gone are the days when dentures were the only solution for missing teeth. With advancements in dental technology, implants have become the gold standard, offering a permanent and natural-looking solution. But not all dental implants are the same. Understanding the different types can help you make an informed decision about your oral health.

What Are Dental Implants?

Dental implants are titanium posts surgically inserted into the jawbone, acting as artificial tooth roots. Once integrated with the bone, these implants provide a strong foundation for fixed or removable replacement teeth designed to match your natural teeth.

Types of Dental Implants

1. Endosteal Implants

Endosteal implants are the most common type. They are typically shaped like small screws and are placed directly into the jawbone. Once the surrounding gum tissue has healed, a second surgery connects a post to the original implant. Finally, an artificial tooth is attached to the post, either individually or grouped on a bridge or denture. These implants are ideal for patients with sufficient jawbone density and volume.

2. Subperiosteal Implants

For patients who do not have enough healthy jawbone and cannot or do not want to undergo a bone augmentation procedure, subperiosteal implants offer a viable alternative. These implants are placed under the gum but above the jawbone. A metal frame is fitted onto the jawbone, with posts attached to it. The gums heal around the frame, securing it in place. The artificial teeth are then mounted onto the posts. Subperiosteal implants are less common but can be beneficial in specific situations.

3. Zygomatic Implants

Zygomatic implants are less frequently used and are reserved for patients with significant bone loss in the upper jaw. Instead of being anchored in the jawbone, these implants are placed in the cheekbone (zygoma). This procedure is more complex and requires a skilled surgeon but can be a lifesaver for patients who have limited bone for traditional implants.

Factors to Consider

When deciding on the type of dental implant, several factors must be considered:

  • Bone Density and Volume: A thorough examination of your jawbone is essential to determine if you have enough bone to support the implant. Bone grafting may be an option if the bone density is insufficient.
  • Overall Health: Certain health conditions, such as diabetes or smoking habits, can affect the healing process and the success of the implant.
  • Oral Health: Healthy gums are crucial for supporting the implant. Any signs of gum disease must be treated before the procedure.

The Benefits of Dental Implants

Dental implants offer numerous benefits beyond merely replacing missing teeth. They help maintain the structure of your face by preventing bone loss, improving speech, and making eating easier. They offer a long-term solution that looks and feels like natural teeth, enhancing both functionality and aesthetics.

If you're considering dental implants and want to understand which type is best suited for your needs, schedule a consultation with our dental team today at Vellore Corner Dentistry in Vaughn. We are committed to providing personalized care and the latest in dental technology to help you achieve a healthy, beautiful smile. Contact us now, by calling us at (905) 417-8111, to take the first step towards a new and improved you!

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